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Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky
Great folk composer
March 21, 1839 - March 28, 1881
At age six Mussorgsky began receiving piano lessons from his mother, herself a trained pianist. His progress was sufficiently rapid that three years later he was able to perform a John Field concerto and works by Franz Liszt for family and friends.
At 10 , he and his brother were taken to Saint Petersburg to study at the elite German language Petrischule (St. Peter's School). While there, Modest studied the piano with the noted Anton Gerke.
In 1852 , the 12-year-old Mussorgsky published a piano piece titled "Porte-enseigne Polka" at his father's expense.
Mussorgsky's parents planned the move to Saint Petersburg so that both their sons would renew the family tradition of military service. To this end, Mussorgsky entered the Cadet School of the Guards at age 13.
In 1856 Mussorgsky – who had developed a strong interest in history and studied German philosophy – graduated from the Cadet School. Following family tradition he received a commission with the Preobrazhensky Regiment, the foremost regiment of the Russian Imperial Guard.
Young Mussorgsky as a cadet
in the Preobrazhensky Regiment
of the Imperial Guard.
The Mighty Handful
(Russian: Могучая кучка), also known as The Five and The New Russian School, were five prominent 19th-century Russian composers who worked together to create a distinctly Russian classical music.
Mily Balakirev (the leader), César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and Alexander Borodin all lived in Saint Petersburg, and collaborated from 1856 to 1870.
O P E R A S
Oedipus in Athens
Unfinished; libretto by Viktor Krïlov ; collaborative work with Cui , Minkus , Rimsky-Korsakov , and Borodin ;
Unfinished; libretto by Mussorgsky; based on historical accounts
Unfinished; based on the tragedy Oedipus in Athens (1804) by Vladislav Ozerov ; only one number survives—'Scene in the Temple: Chorus of the People'
Unfinished; based on the short story Sorochyntsi Fair , from Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka (1832) by Nikolai Gogol
Hans of Iceland
Unfinished; based on the novel Salammbô (1862) by Gustave Flaubert
Unfinished; Act I only (4 scenes); piano-vocal score; based on the comedy Marriage (1842) by Nikolai Gogol ; Rimsky-Korsakov edition published in 1908; composer's version published in 1933
Revised version; based on the drama Boris Godunov (1825) by Alexander Pushkin; minor revisions in 1873
Projected; to be based on the novel Han d'Islande (1823) by Victor Hugo
Projected; to be based on the drama Hans und Grete (1868) by Friedrich Spielhagen ; Marfa's Divination from Khovanshchina derives from sketches for this work
Projected; possibly to be based on the novel The Captain's Daughter (1836) by Alexander Pushkin
Original version; based on the drama Boris Godunov (1825) by Alexander Pushkin
The Fair at Sorochyntsi
Pictures at an Exhibition
(Картинки с выставки)
“ Promenade” (Вступление «Прогулка»)
No. 1 "The Gnome“ («Гном»
No. 2 "The Old Castle" («Старый замок»)
No. 3 "Tuileries (Children's Quarrel after Games)
No. 4 "Cattle" («Быдло»)
No. 5: "Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks"
Эскизы театральных костюмов к балету Трильби
No. 6: "Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuÿle"
Еврей в меховой шапке. Сандомир
Sketches of theatre costumes for the ballet Trilby
No. 8: "Catacombs"
Jew in a fur cap. Sandomierz
Парижские катакомбы (с фигурами В. А. Гартмана, В. А. Кенеля и проводника, держащего фонарь)
No. 9: "The Hut on Hen's Legs"
Избушка Бабы-Яги на курьих ножках. Часы в русском стиле
No. 10: "The Bogatyr Gates"
Paris catacombs (with the figures of V. A. Hartmann, V. A. Kenel, and a guide holding a lantern)
Проект городских ворот в Киеве. Главный фасад
The hut of Baba-Yaga on hen's legs. Clock in the Russian style
Project for city gates in Kiev. Main façade
Pictures at an Exhibition (Russian: Картинки с выставки – Воспоминание о Викторе Гартмане,. "Pictures from an Exhibition – A Remembrance of Viktor Hartmann"; French: Tableaux d'une exposition) is a suite of ten pieces (plus a recurring, varied Promenade) composed for the piano by Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky in 1874.
Viktor Hartmann (1834–1873 )
The Song Cycle “The Nursery” («Детская»)
In the Corner
With the Doll
На сон грядущий
At the Dacha
Поехал на палочке
Ride on a Stick-Horse
The Cat 'Sailor'
The Gallery (The Peep-Show)
In early 1881 a desperate Mussorgsky declared to a friend that there was 'nothing left but begging', and suffered four seizures in rapid succession. Though he found a comfortable room in a good hospital – and for several weeks even appeared to be rallying – the situation was hopeless.
Repin painted the famous red-nosed portrait in what were to be the last days of the composer's life: a week after his 42nd birthday, he was dead. He was interred at the Tikhvin Cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery in Saint Petersburg.
Many of his works were inspired by Russian history, Russian folklore, and other nationalist themes.
Grave of Modest Mussorgsky in the
Tikhvin Cemetery of the Alexander
Nevsky Monastery in Saint Petersburg
The only museum in the world Mussorgsky M.P is located in the village of Naumovo, Pskov region, Kun’ja district.
© 2018, Боброва Анна Дмитриевна 406 6